marți, 10 martie 2015

Jacob van Ruisdael (c.1629 – 10 martie 1682), pictor peisagist olandez

Jacob van Ruisdael - A Waterfall - Google Art Project
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Torrent in a Mountainous Landscape 
Jacob van Ruisdael - Waterfall with Castle Built on the Rock
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Norwegian Landscape With A Cascade Waterfall
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Landscape with a Waterfall and a Castle on a Hill
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Waterfall at the Foot of a Hill near a Village 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Waterfall in a Rocky Landscape 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Bleaching Ground in a Hollow by a Cottage 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Cottage and a Hayrick by a River 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Landscape with a Ruined Building 

Jacob van Ruisdael - A Landscape with a Ruined Castle and a Church 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Panoramic View of Amsterdam looking towards the IJ 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Pool surrounded by Trees 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Road leading into a Wood 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Road through an Oak Wood - Google Art Project
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Rocky Hill with Three Cottages a Stream at its Foot 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Ruined Castle Gateway 
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Wooded Landscape with a Pond - Google Art Project
Jacob van Ruisdael - An Extensive Landscape with Ruins 
Jacob van Ruisdael - Amsterdam, Amstel, Hogesluis
Jacob van Ruisdael - Amsterdam, as seen from the Amsteldijk (ca 1660)
Jacob van Ruisdael - Bentheim Castle
Jacob van Ruisdael - Canal with Bridge - Google Art Project
Jacob van Ruisdael - Dutch Entrance Gate of the Castle of Brederode 

Jacob van Ruisdael - Dutch Landscape with a Waterfall 

Jacob van Ruisdael - Landscape with a Church - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - Landscape with a mill-run and ruins - Google Art Project
Jacob van Ruisdael - Landscape with Dune and Small Waterfall - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - Landscape with Dunes

Jacob van Ruisdael - Landscape with Windmills near Haarlem - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - Landschap met waterval - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - Oaks at a lake with Water Lilies - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - River Landscape with a Castle on a High Cliff - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - Road through an oak Forest 1646-47 

Jacob van Ruisdael - Road winding between Trees towards a Distant Cottage
Jacob van Ruisdael - The Cloister

Jacob van Ruisdael - The Dam Square in Amsterdam

Jacob van Ruisdael - The Forest Stream - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - The Great Forest - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - The Jewish Cemetery

Jacob van Ruisdael - The Marsh in a Forest

Jacob van Ruisdael - The Ray of Sunlight
Jacob van Ruisdael - The Thicket (Path in the Haarlem Dunes)

Jacob van Ruisdael - Three Watermills with Washerwomen 

Jacob van Ruisdael - Tower Mill at Wijk bij Duurstede, Netherlands, 1670

Jacob van Ruisdael - Two Undershot Watermills with Men Opening a Sluice

Jacob van Ruisdael - Two Watermills and an Open Sluice - Google Art Project
Jacob van Ruisdael - Two Watermills and an Open Sluice at Singraven 
Jacob van Ruisdael - Bridge with Sluice

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of Alkmaar - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of Bentheim Castle from the North-West

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of Binnen-Amstel in Amsterdam

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of Grainfields with a Distant Town

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of Haarlem with bleaching fields in the foreground; ca.1670

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of Haarlem with Bleaching Grounds c1665

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of Naarden - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - View of the Damrak in Amsterdam

Jacob van Ruisdael - Village at the Wood's Edge
Jacob van Ruisdael - Wooded hillside with a view of Bentheim Castle - Google Art Project

Jacob van Ruisdael - Woodland Scene with Lake
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Cornfield with the Zuiderzee in the background - Google Art Project
Jacob van Ruisdael - Stormy Sea with Sailing Boats 
Jacob van Ruisdael - The Breakwater
Jacob van Ruisdael - The Shore at Egmond-an-Zee
Jacob van Ruisdael - Vessels in a Fresh Breeze 
Jacob van Ruisdael - Winter Landscape

Jacob van Ruisdael - Winter Landscape
Jacob van Ruisdael - A Winter Landscape with a View of the River Amstel and Amsterdam in the Distance
Jacob van Ruisdael - Canal in Winter

Jacob Isaacksz van Ruisdael (or Ruysdael) (c.1629 – 10 martie 1682) a fost un prolific pictor olandez peisagist din perioada de aur a picturii olandeze, considerat cel mai faimos dintre cei patru membri ai familiei din Haarlem care a pictat peisaje. Originar din Haarlem, la inceput a studiat cu tatal Isaack si unchiul Salomon van Ruysdael, pictori peisagisti, fiii unui negustor de rame, Jacob van Gooyer din Gooi.A fost puternic influentat de alti peisagisti contemporani din Haarlem, cei mai notabili fiind Berghem, cu care a calatorit in Germania in 1650, Allart van Everdingen, care a creat peisajele nordice cu cascade si Roelant Roghman, care a creat popularele teme cu castele pe dealuri. Data aparitiei primelor lui desene si picturi este 1646. Doi ani mai tarziu a fost admis ca membru in breasla Haarlem Guild of St. Luke; in 1659 a obtinut cetatenia orasului Amsterdam, iar in 1668 apare numele lui ca martor la casatoria lui Meindert Hobbema, unicul sau elev inregistrat. In timpul vietii, lucrarile lui au fost putin apreciate, si se pare ca a suferit de saracie. In 1676 a fost inregistrat ca doctor in Amsterdam, obtinand gradul medical in Caen, nordul Frantei, pe 15 octombrie 1676. Conform cu Houbraken, tatal lui era suficient de bogat ca sa-l trimita la scoala sa invete latina si medicina, el era cunoscut pentru operatiile pe care le facea in Amsterdam.
Subiectele favorite ale lui Ruisdael au fost scenele simple cu paduri, similare celor ale lui Everdingen si Hobbema. S-a remarcat in special ca pictor de copaci, redand frunzisul, in particular cel de stejari, cu mare exactitate si precizie. Vederile cu orase la distanta, ca de exemplu Haarlem sau Katwijk, arata in mod clar influenta lui Rembrandt.
Frecvent a pictat scene de coasta si scene marine, insa in redarea luminisurilor a fost foarte bun.
Jacob van Ruisdael (c.1629 – 10 martie 1682), pictor olandez

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